Azoreans Accused of Witchcraft by the Portuguese Inquisition
In my research on witchcraft and the Portuguese Inquisition particularly in the Azores islands, I have found a few names of people accused of various things by the Inquisition. Their so called crimes were things like Witchcraft, Superstitious behavior, Curandeira/Healings, Visions, Divination and Blasphemy against the Catholic Church. All of the people listed here are recorded as being accused of these so called crimes and all were jailed for a period of time. Much of their records are documented by the Inquisitors, and are written in Portuguese, with many of the pages being very hard to read. Since I am not the most fluent in Portuguese, it has been difficult to translate, though there are a few things I found out. There was indeed Slavery in the islands as two of the people here were born of the enslaved, or were slaves themselves. The punishments for these crimes varied, and could be anything from being whipped until blood runs down your back, Public Humiliation, Auto-de-fe which is a public ritual of penance, penitence, going back to Catholic school, exile (often to the colonies; most to Brazil, but some to the island of Principe and Cabo Verde) for a number of years, repayment of all the costs associated. Hanging, and many of these people died in prison awaiting trial. These names are those from the Azores accused of the crimes listed above, but they do not include all of the people who strayed from the church. Many people came to the Azores as “New Christians” and this could mean they were Jewish or Muslim before being converted. To be accused of Judaism usually carried the sentence of “having your bones burned to dust” . Definitely puts things into perspective. These names will be shared at my altar to Hekate for Deipnon. I hope it gives you some motivation to look into those killed unjustly where you are from, or where you live at this time.
I am working on a book on the subject of magical influences of the Azores, and more info on these people will be included in the book. Including years, what the individual was accused of, their sentences and in some cases the stories of their practices (at least according to the written words of Inquisitors.)
Here are the people put on trial.
Barbara de Figueiredo
Maria da Fé
MARIANA DA COLUNA
JERÓNIMA DE SOUSA
INÊS FRANCISCA DA COSTA
PADRE FRANCISCO DE SANTA ROSA
CATARINA BERNARDA DO SACRAMENTO
BÁRBARA DA CONCEIÇÃO
FRANCISCA DE OLIVEIRA
PADRE FREI FRANCISCO DO ROSÁRIO
BEATRIZ DOS SANTOS
MARIA DO ROSÁRIO